61st World Statistics Congress – The use of new technologies, new techniques and new data sources for transport and mobility statistics in the Mediterranean region

Proposed Architecture for dealing with Transport Big Data via Cooperation Between Different Transport Systems

Ayman M . Ghazy, Ministry of Transportation, Cairo, Egypt

In the last decades the sources of transportation data have been multiplied and the volume of data of huge amount, especially with the using of ITS (Intelligent Transportation Systems), the data are collected from various sources and sensors. Transportation data is very important either for daily management of traffic flow and fleets, or even for planning for the future. These data can be owned by different transportation authorities, company…etc. The processing on transportation data is performed on scattered systems to meet the requirements of each system. This paper presents architecture for maximize the benefits of using data that exist on each system to serve other systems, via cooperation between systems. The cooperation between systems can be implemented by perform some extra process on each system to extract special information or indicators, that can serve other systems, and passing these information or indicators to other systems.

The full abstract and presentation can be found here:
Proposed Architecture for dealing with Transport Big Data via Cooperation Between Different Transport Systems – Abstract
Proposed Architecture for dealing with Transport Big Data via Cooperation Between Different Transport Systems – Presentation

Jordan Transport Sector Data Warehouse – Challenges and Key Issues

ALKARADSHEH Osama, Ministry of Transport, Amman, Jordan

The transport sector data in Jordan is decentralized and its consolidation is difficult and time consuming, the transport stakeholders are using different technology, different terminology and individual measure and Key Performance Indicators (KPIs). The updated, standardized, centralized and co-ordinated data will contribute to the efficiency and improvement of Jordan’s transport system, by supporting formulation of policy; strategic transport/development planning, investment planning, project appraisal and forecasting; management of existing and future transport systems; and monitoring the performance of transport systems over time.
To address the above issues the Jordan Transport Sector Data Warehouse (JTSDWH) project is initiated in cooperation and support from the European Union to collect, store, manage, analyze, transform, retrieve and display large volumes of data covering all modes of transport and all transport-related agencies in Jordan -create a single source of truth.

The full abstract and presentation can be found here:
Jordan Transport Sector Data Warehouse – Challenges and Key Issues – Abstract
Jordan Transport Sector Data Warehouse – Challenges and Key Issues – Presentation

Transport statistics in Palestine new technology new technique against UN principals

Hani Al Ahmed, Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, Ramallah, Palestine

The presentation can be found here:
Transport statistics in Palestine new technology new technique against UN principals – Presentation

61st World Statistics Congress – Benchmarking gender matters on basis of statistics

Gender Wage Gap in Morocco: What can statistics tell us?

Mustapha Ziroili, High-Commission for Planning, Rabat, Morocco & Jamal Guennouni High Commission of Planning, Rabat, Morocco

The aim of this paper is to investigate for substantial discrimination in wage differential between men and women. Taking advantage from the Moroccan Labor Force Survey (LFS, 2014) we try to quantify the magnitude of the wage-based discrimination between men and women by using Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition and its modification developed by Neumark (1988). The Neumark’s modification of Oaxaca decomposition allowed us to decompose the mean difference between men and women to two parts, one related to the difference in endowment (explained part) and the other not explained by the difference in individual characteristics (unexplained part). We then corrected this decomposition, following the Neumark’s modification of Oaxaca decomposition, for sample selection bias by using the Heckman approach. As the second part of the empirical tests we expend the analysis to quintile levels in order to evaluate the magnitude of discrimination across the whole distribution of wages. Results of this decomposition highlight an important share of discrimination in gender wage differential.

The full presentation can be found here:
Gender Wage Gap in Morocco: What can statistics tell us? – Presentation

Monetary cost of violence against women VAW in Jordan

Mrs. Manal Sweidan, Gender Statistics Expert at Department of Statistics, Jordan

The full presentation can be found here:
Monetary cost of violence against women VAW in Jordan – Presentation

61st World Statistics Congress – The benefits of regional programs/initiatives on statistical cooperation: some evidences drawn from the field

Conclusions after the five presentations on The benefits of regional programs/initiatives on statistical cooperation

Regional approaches concerning Official statistics are multifold: regional statistical programmes, regional policies documented by proper statistics, regional assistance in statistics, national statistical capacities put at the service of regional capacity building,…  What make these approaches a single topic for discussion is that we can spot recurrent features which are of crucial interest for the development and the use of statistics.

  • Addressing weaknesses, building strengths

Regional approaches allow the pooling of forces in order to develop statistical tools of common uses, to disseminate professional practices, to provide answers when comparative issues are at stake.

Regional approaches are a mean to consolidate capacities in particular by helping avoid living any NSO aside/behind and by allowing accelerate progresses whatever the level of existing capacities.

  • Contribution to transparency and professional excellence

Regional approaches prove a powerful way to contribute to quality and professionalism and to the protection of independence and integrity of Official statistics institutions. This can be achieved thanks to the multiplication of South-South and North-South relationships between peers and, to the fact that the statistical works are conducted in the light provided by the collective community of the various participants.

  • Regional approaches becoming part of national approaches

Regional approaches when conducted over time become an integral part of the national approaches and not anymore a side piece. The benefit of a proper balance between both approaches can emerge.

The ongoing regional approaches fruits are so much expending that we can expect the topic to be part of further ISI congresses programmes in order to share the lessons learned.

The presentation of Alper Gucumengil on « Why Regional Cooperation in Statistics: A Perspective from Turkey » can be found here:
Abstract – Turkey
The presentation of Hasnae Fdhil on « The Value added of regional cooperation for National Statistical Institutes: Morocco case » can be found here:
Abstract – Morocco
The presentation of Paul Henri Nguema Meye on « AFRISTAT’s action in the statistical development of its member states » can be found here:
Abstract – Afristat
Presentation – Afristat

61st World Statistics Congress – Determinants of International Migration in the Middle East and North Africa: Insights from the MED-HIMS Surveys

The MED-HIMS Research Programme: Scope and Methodology

Samir Farid, The MED-HIMS Programme, London, United Kingdom, Ingrid Ivins, The World Bank, Washington, USA & Richard Bilsborrow,
Carolina Population Center, Chapel Hill, USA

The objective of this paper is to outline the scope and methodology of a new regional programme of specialized household surveys on international migration known as the ‘Mediterranean Household International Migration Survey’ (MED-HIMS). The MED-HIMS is a joint initiative of the European Commission, The World Bank, ILO, IOM, UNFPA, UNHCR, and the League of Arab States, in collaboration with the National Statistical Offices of the Mediterranean Arab countries. The main objective of the MED-HIMS is to study the determinants and consequences of international migration, and the inter-linkages between migration and development, in participating countries. The MED-HIMS aims to establish internationally validated guidelines for the design and implementation of specialized household surveys on international migration

The full abstract can be found here:
The MED-HIMS Research Programme: Scope and Methodology – Abstract

Migration Intentions of Non-migrants in Egypt

Amal Nour El-Deen, CAPMAS, Cairo, Egypt & Samir Farid, The MED-HIMS Programme, London, United Kingdom

This paper presents an analysis of data gathered in the 2013 Egypt Household International Migration Survey (Egypt-HIMS) on the characteristics and migration intentions of non-migrants in Egypt. The Egypt-HIMS was conducted by the national statistical office of Egypt (CAPMAS) as a part of the ‘Mediterranean Household International Migration Survey Programme’ (MED-HIMS). A nationally representative probability sample of 11,703 non-migrants aged 15-59 years was successfully interviewed. The sample included 3,030 non-migrants residing in non-migrant households (to be referred to as “pure” non-migrants) and 8,673 non-migrants residing in migrant households (to be referred to as “mixed” non-migrants). The analysis highlights the migration intentions of non-migrants, the main characteristics of prospective migrants, main reason for preference to move abroad, intended destination, time of intended migration, and source of financing the migration.

The full abstract can be found here:
Migration Intentions of Non-migrants in Egypt – Abstract

Characteristics of Labour Migration from Jordan

Ghaida Khasawneh, Department of Statistics, Amman, Jordan & Samir Farid, The MED-HIMS Programme, London, United Kingdom

This paper presents an analysis of data gathered in the 2014 Jordan Household International Migration Survey (Jordan-HIMS) on patterns of international migration from Jordan. The Jordan-HIMS was conducted by the Department of Statistics of the Government of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan as a part of the ‘Mediterranean Household International Migration Survey Programme’ (MED-HIMS). A nationally representative probability sample of 75,533 dwellings was selected for the survey, of which 59,851 dwellings were found to be occupied. Interviews were successfully completed in 50,699 households.

The full abstract can be found here:
Characteristics of Labour Migration from Jordan – Abstract

Sample Design for Surveys on International Migration: MEDHIMS, Methods and Applications in Egypt and Jordan

Richard E. Bilsborrow, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA

This paper will describe the need for special methods to design samples to collect data on international migration from household surveys, focusing on methods for MEDHIMS—Mediterranean Household International Migration Surveys. International migrants are “rare elements”, leading to the desirability of using special methods for sampling, involving (1) locating a sampling frame that provides data on the geographic prevalence of migrants among the country’s population, to use to form strata to sample Primary Sampling Units (PSUs) based on the prevalence of migrants, then oversample PSUs from strata with high proportions of migrants; and (2) in the final stage of sampling areas, for Ultimate Area Units (UAUs)—such as census sectors/enumeration areas—use two-phase sampling, involving in phase one, a quick screening survey of households in each UAU, to identify those with migrants, who are again oversampled, and then interviewed along with non-migrants

The full abstract can be found here:
Sample Design for Surveys on International Migration: MEDHIMS, Methods and Applications in Egypt and Jordan – Abstract

61st World Statistics Congress – Methods to overcome low coverage of Statistical business register

Methods to overcome low coverage of Statistical business register

MennatAllah AbouHasswa – CAPMAS, Cairo, Egypt & Niveen Shebl – CAPMAS, Cairo, Egypt

Due to the high importance of SBR (statistical business register), it is necessary to build a dependable one in Egypt. Coverage includes three key concepts the first is the completeness which means that SBR includes all economic units. Coverage is the proportion of total national economic production that the units represent.   Content is the set of characteristics such as institutional sector, size, location and registration status of the units contained in the SBR. CAPMAS (Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics) which represents the national statistical institution in Egypt hold memorandum of understanding with administrative data sources like social security authority and received the framework of the business activities updated each three months and started the first step in building SBR by establishing database using oracle tool.

The full abstract and the presentation can be found here:
Methods to overcome low coverage of SBR – Abstract
Methods to overcome low coverage of SBR – Presentation

Statistical business register: New approach, New challenges

Abdelkader Choqiri, HCP, Rabat, Maroc

The business register (BR) is an old story in Morocco. Since the first business surveys which were carried out in the 1960s, the need was to establish an efficient sampling frame. In the early 2000s, the High Commission for Planning (HCP) had conducted an economic census, the aim was to set up a register based on a unique identifier system. This identifier was built to replace all the identifiers coming from administrations witch are related to the enterprise life. However, this experience did not come about for several reasons.

The full abstract and the presentation can be found here:
Statistical business register: New approach, New challenges – Abstract
Statistical business register: New approach, New challenges – Presentation

Using Households Surveys to Maintain the Statistical Business Register

Saleh ALKAFRI, Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, Ramallah, Palestine

The sample frame of each annual economic survey (ES) is the latest available Establishment Census (CE), minus the enterprises found closed after the previous ES in Palestine since the sample frame doesn’t depend on an Administrative Business Register (ABR). Although attempts have been made in the past to update this frame with new establishments, there is no enough information to do that effectively. Statistics shows that the number of establishments and their employees from 2003 to 2004 and from 2006 to 2007 jumped without any economic reasons. This is due to the fact that in 2004 and 2007, the series has been anchored to the new establishment censuses.

The full abstract and the presentation can be found here:
Palestine-Using Households Surveys to Maintain the Statistical Business Register

Dissemination and Outputs from the Statistical Business Registers Firm dynamics and job creation in Tunisia

Hassen Arouri, National Institute of Statistics, Tunis, Tunisia & Bob Rijkers, World Bank, Washington, USA

This paper examines private sector job creation in Tunisia over the period 1996-2010 using the Tunisian Statistical Business Register a database containing information on all registered private enterprises (Répertoire National des Entreprises) , including self-employment. Overall net job creation by firms was disappointing and the firm-size distribution became increasingly right skewed, with 2 out of every 5 net new jobs being in one-person firms (self-employment). The increasing importance of small-scale employment reflects the contributions of new firms and the fact that most entrants start small. Post-entry, however, small firms are the worst performers in terms of job creation, even if they survive; there is no “up-or-out” dynamic. Instead we observe structural stagnation; mobility is extremely limited, with very few firms managing to grow. Moreover, the link between productivity, profitability and job creation is very weak.

The full abstract and the presentation can be found here:
Dissemination and Outputs from the Statistical Business Registers Firm dynamics and job creation in Tunisia – Abstract
Dissemination and Outputs from the Statistical Business Registers Firm dynamics and job creation in Tunisia – Presentation

MEDSTAT IV Regional Workshop on Statistics of Informal Work – Paris, 10-12 July 2017

IMG_1372
Paris, 10 – 12 July 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

« Countries where the informal sector plays a significant role in employment and income generation and economic and social development should aim, where practicable, at developing a comprehensive system of statistics on employment in the informal sector to provide an adequate statistical base for the various users of the statistics, with account being taken of specific national needs and circumstances.” Resolution concerning statistics of employment in the informal sector, adopted by the Fifteenth International Conference of Labour Statisticians (January 1993)

The informal work is an important reality worldwide and does not only concern vulnerable groups but a large portion of the working population. The measurement of informal sector and informal employment and its economic impact is of a high interest but faces difficulties originated by varying definitions and data collection processes at the country level as well as by the cost of targeted statistical operations to collect data.

In the framework of the Work Programme of the Euro-Mediterranean Working Group on Labour Market Statistics (EMWGLS), MEDSTAT IV organized a regional workshop on statistics of informal work, in Paris, on 10-12 July 2017. The workshop aimed to share and discuss the conceptual frameworks relevant for statistics on informal work, the sources, methods and indicators adopted to that effect as well as the use of statistics for measuring the impact of the phenomenon on the systems of national accounts. The event benefited from the contributions of specialists from ILO, Eurostat, the European Training Foundation, the national statistical institutes of France (INSEE) and Italy (ISTAT) as well as from DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Analyses de Long terme), a mixed research unit from the IRD (Institut de Recherche pour le Développement) and the University Paris Dauphine.

The event witnessed the existence of varying definitions and methods and so the lack of harmonisation in the production of statistics on informal work in the ENP-South countries. But it also acknowledged the attempts made recently in implementing, in most of the countries, through the introduction and reformulation of specific questions in the Labour Force Surveys, the adaptation of Business Registers and even the combination of surveys based on households and economic establishments (mixed surveys). Among the main recommendations issued from the workshop, the ENP-South countries should aim to extend the surveys on informal economy taking inspiration from the practices implemented so far within and outside the region and to institutionalize them as well as to increase the visibility and use of the available data. Besides, it was recommended that ILO starts working on the impact that the 19th Resolution of the 2013 International Conference of Labour Statisticians (ICLS) and the revision of the 1993 International Classification of Status in Employment ‘(ICSE) have on the conceptual framework of informality, on its measurement and on the related data collection.

The event was also an opportunity to discuss the synergies that should be established between the work of the EMWGLS and another Working Group under the MEDSTAT IV project covering Business Registers and Statistics. A joint work programme is being designed between the two Working Groups that will allow to tackle the various dimensions of informality and their implication for statistical work.

Contacts for the guests:

ILO: http://www.ilo.org/stat/lang–en/index.htm

Eurostat: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/fr/home

INSEE: https://www.insee.fr/fr/accueil

ISTAT: http://www.istat.it/en/

DIAL: http://www.dial.ird.fr/

 

For more information, please contact MEDSTAT4@expertisefrance.fr

Workshop on the model manuals for the Mediterranean Household International Migration Surveys Programme (MED-HIMS), Marrakech, July 13-15, 2017

Workshop on the model manuals for the Mediterranean Household International Migration Surveys Programme (MED-HIMS), Marrakech, July 13-15, 2017

IMG_1556

International migration is a key concern for the ENP-S countries: it takes several forms and it has a huge impact on the economy and employment as well as on the socio-cultural fabric of these countries. Better understanding the causes and the consequences of international migration may help the countries to design adequate policies, to implement effective measures to alleviate the negative effects of the human drain and to make the arrival of migrants from abroad beneficial to all the involved parties.

The link for the video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qYTolsyO9rA

In its earlier phase, MEDSTAT has supported the ENP-S countries in preparing a series of Model Questionnaires and documents for the collection of shared data on international migration through specialised household surveys. With funds from the EC and from other donors, this survey has then been implemented in Egypt (2013) and Jordan (2014). Additional work has been carried out to assisting preliminary work for the surveys to be implemented in other countries. Since the start of its fourth phase in January 2016, the support from MEDSTAT to MED-HIMS has continued through various means (for the consolidation of the modules questionnaires in particular).

Upon request of the MED-HIMS Steering Committee chaired by Eurostat and involving the World Bank, UNFPA, UNHCR, IOM, ILO and the League of Arab States, MEDSTAT IV organised the 8th MED-HIMS Workshop in Marrakech on 13-15 July 2017, back-to-back to the 61st World Congress of the International Statistics Institute (ISI). Apart from the European Commission through MEDSTAT IV, the meeting was organised with the financial contribution of the World Bank and IOM.

The workshop was attended by fourteen experts from Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine and Tunisia and by five experts representing Eurostat, IOM, the World Bank, MED-HIMS and MEDSTAT. The meeting mainly allowed to discuss and to agree on a version of Model Questionnaires adapted to the lessons learned from the experiences in the pioneer countries. The conclusions also built on the outcomes from other recent meetings, which dealt in particular with the introduction of a questionnaire covering the immigrants (non-forced) and of a lighter set of Model Questionnaires useful to provide fewer results but on more frequent basis.

For more information, please contact MEDSTAT4@expertisefrance.fr